Salamanca, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salamanca, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Salamanca had a population of 5,671 as of July 1, 2016. Salamanca ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Salamanca is located at latitude 42.1647 and longitude -78.7413 in Cattaraugus County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salamanca (see map below) encompass a land area of 5.99 sq. miles and a water area of 0.24 sq. miles. Cattaraugus County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,381 feet.

The City of Salamanca (GNIS ID: 979450) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salamanca population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Salamanca, NY Boundary Map

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Salamanca, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 5,671
Population in Households 5,545
Population in Familes 4,078
Population in Group Qrtrs 126
Population Density1 946
Diversity Index2 48


Total Households 2,426
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 1,403
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 2,828 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,272 (45.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,154 (40.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 402 (14.2%)
Median Home Value $71,388
Average Home Value $87,470


Median Household Income $31,143
Average Household Income $43,561
Per Capita Income $18,667
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.4% -0.37%
Households -0.27% -0.32%
Families -0.4% -0.46%
Median Household Income   0.34%
Per Capita Income   1.3%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Salamanca, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salamanca to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 317 74th
Population Density1 # 727 39th
Diversity Index2 # 246 80th
Median Household Income # 1181 1st
Per Capita Income # 1167 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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