Salamanca, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salamanca, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Salamanca had a population of 5,623 as of July 1, 2017. Salamanca ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Salamanca is located at latitude 42.1647 and longitude -78.7413 in Cattaraugus County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salamanca (see map below) encompass a land area of 5.99 sq. miles and a water area of 0.24 sq. miles. Cattaraugus County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,381 feet.

The City of Salamanca (GNIS ID: 979450) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salamanca population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Salamanca, NY Boundary Map

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Salamanca, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 5,623
Daytime Population: Workers 3,880
Daytime Population: Residents 3,470
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 7,350
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.31
Population in Households 5,497
Population in Familes 4,032
Population in Group Qrtrs 126
Population Density2 938
Diversity Index3 49


Median Household Income $31,590
Average Household Income $44,918
Per Capita Income $18,993


Total Housing Units 2,815 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,247 (44.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,128 (40.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 439 (15.6%)
Median Home Value $75,000
Average Home Value $90,176


Total Households 2,376
Average Household Size 2.31
Family Households 1,368
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.46% -0.57%
Households -0.52% -0.63%
Families -0.7% -0.77%
Median Household Income   -0.04%
Per Capita Income   1.62%

Salamanca, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salamanca to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 320 73rd
Population Density # 724 40th
Diversity Index # 245 80th
Median Household Income # 1181 1st
Per Capita Income # 1169 2nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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