Cortland, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Cortland, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Cortland had a population of 19,205 as of July 1, 2017. Cortland ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Cortland is located at latitude 42.6009 and longitude -76.1791 in Cortland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Cortland (see map below) encompass a land area of 3.89 sq. miles and a water area of 0.02 sq. miles. Cortland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,129 feet.

The City of Cortland (GNIS ID: 978870) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Cortland population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Cortland, NY Boundary Map

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Cortland, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 19,205
Daytime Population: Workers 10,154
Daytime Population: Residents 10,917
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 21,071
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.10
Population in Households 15,771
Population in Familes 9,392
Population in Group Qrtrs 3,434
Population Density2 4,932
Diversity Index3 23


Median Household Income $37,483
Average Household Income $51,046
Per Capita Income $19,522


Total Housing Units 7,538 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,863 (38.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,017 (53.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 658 ( 8.7%)
Median Home Value $94,049
Average Home Value $118,032


Total Households 6,880
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 3,183
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.0% -0.26%
Households -0.13% -0.29%
Families -0.47% -0.49%
Median Household Income   0.04%
Per Capita Income   1.39%

Cortland, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cortland to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 92 92nd
Population Density # 139 88th
Diversity Index # 598 50th
Median Household Income # 1133 5th
Per Capita Income # 1157 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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