Buffalo, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Buffalo, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Buffalo is the 2nd largest city in New York with a population of 260,347 as of July 1, 2016. Buffalo ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Buffalo is located at latitude 42.8925 and longitude -78.8597 in Erie County. The formal boundaries for the City of Buffalo (see map below) encompass a land area of 40.38 sq. miles and a water area of 12.11 sq. miles. Erie County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 600 feet.

The City of Buffalo (GNIS ID: 978764) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Buffalo population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Buffalo: De-ose-lole, De-o-tro-weh, Ne-o-thro-ra, New Amsterdam, Tick-e-ack-gou-ga, Tsistekeriia'kón:ke.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Buffalo, NY Boundary Map

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Buffalo, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 260,347
Population in Households 250,914
Population in Familes 172,795
Population in Group Qrtrs 9,433
Population Density1 6,447
Diversity Index2 70


Total Households 113,095
Average Household Size 2.22
Family Households 56,478
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 134,855 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 43,863 (32.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 69,232 (51.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 21,760 (16.1%)
Median Home Value $72,599
Average Home Value $108,801


Median Household Income $31,340
Average Household Income $47,628
Per Capita Income $21,361
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.06% 0.02%
Households 0.08% 0.13%
Families -0.2% -0.05%
Median Household Income   -1.02%
Per Capita Income   1.07%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Buffalo, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buffalo to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density1 # 81 93rd
Diversity Index2 # 76 94th
Median Household Income # 1179 2nd
Per Capita Income # 1079 10th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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