Elmira, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elmira, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Elmira had a population of 27,893 as of July 1, 2017. Elmira ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elmira is located at latitude 42.0934 and longitude -76.8096 in Chemung County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elmira (see map below) encompass a land area of 7.25 sq. miles and a water area of 0.33 sq. miles. Chemung County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 853 feet.

The City of Elmira (GNIS ID: 978938) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elmira population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elmira: New Town, Newtown, Skwedowa.

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City of Elmira, NY Boundary Map

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Elmira, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 27,893
Daytime Population: Workers 17,274
Daytime Population: Residents 16,020
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 33,294
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.19
Population in Households 24,678
Population in Familes 17,850
Population in Group Qrtrs 3,215
Population Density2 3,847
Diversity Index3 47


Median Household Income $33,614
Average Household Income $47,989
Per Capita Income $19,366


Total Housing Units 12,231 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,851 (39.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 5,628 (46.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,752 (14.3%)
Median Home Value $72,795
Average Home Value $87,404


Total Households 10,479
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 5,823
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.63% -0.51%
Households -0.66% -0.61%
Families -0.88% -0.75%
Median Household Income   -0.67%
Per Capita Income   1.48%

Elmira, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elmira to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 51 96th
Population Density # 199 83rd
Diversity Index # 267 78th
Median Household Income # 1170 2nd
Per Capita Income # 1162 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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