Central Square, NY Profile: Facts & Data


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Central Square, New York - Basic Facts

The Village of Central Square had a population of 1,886 as of July 1, 2018. Central Square ranks in the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Central Square is located at latitude 43.286 and longitude -76.1419 in Oswego County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Central Square (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.91 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Oswego County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 449 feet.

The Village of Central Square (GNIS ID: 2391595) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of Central Square is located within Town of Hastings, a minor civil division (MCD) of Oswego County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Central Square population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2018.

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Central Square, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 1,886
Population in Households 1,879
Population in Familes 1,383
Population in Group Qrtrs 7
Population Density1 989
Diversity Index2 10


Median Household Income $43,173
Average Household Income $64,405
Per Capita Income $29,000


Total Housing Units 918 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 461 (50.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 379 (41.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 78 ( 8.5%)
Median Home Value $148,347
Average Home Value $150,217


Total Households 840
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 461
Average Family Size 3
  1. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.25% -0.18%
Households 0.03% -0.29%
Families -0.31% -0.44%
Median Household Income   4.12%
Per Capita Income   3.4%

Central Square, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Central Square to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 629 47th
Population Density # 705 41st
Diversity Index # 1047 12th
Median Household Income # 1046 13th
Per Capita Income # 743 38th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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