Medford, NY Profile: Facts & Data


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Medford, New York - Basic Facts

The Medford CDP(1) had a population of 23,873 as of July 1, 2023. Medford ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Medford is located at latitude 40.8176 and longitude -73.0001 in Suffolk County. The formal boundaries for the Medford Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 10.8 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Suffolk County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

The Medford Census Designated Place has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The Medford Census Designated Place is located within Town of Brookhaven, a minor civil division (MCD) of Suffolk County.

  1. A Census Designated Place (CDP) is a statistical counterpart to a self-governing (incorporated) place such as a city, town, or village. A CDP is not a legal entity and has no governmental functions.

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  1. Medford 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Medford (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. New York Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. New York Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Medford, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 23,873 (100%)
Population in Households 23,466 (98.3%)
Population in Families 20,033 (83.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 407 ( 1.7%)
Population Density 2,211
Diversity Index2 71


Median Household Income $105,125
Average Household Income $133,066
% of Income for Mortgage4 27%
Per Capita Income $44,879
Wealth Index5 152
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (54.5)


Total HU (Housing Units) 8,382 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 6,918 (82.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,128 (13.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 336 ( 4.0%)
Median Home Value $463,604
Average Home Value $505,413
Housing Affordability Index3 76


Total Households 8,046
Average Household Size 2.92
Family Households 5,984
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population -0.48% -0.49%
Households -0.19% -0.22%
Families   -0.25%
Median Household Income   1.51%
Per Capita Income   2.55%
Owner Occupied HU   -0.11%

Medford, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Medford to the other 1,293 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 70 95th
Population Density # 394 70th
Median Household Income # 342 74th
Housing Affordability Index # 337 26th
Per Capita Income # 571 56th
Diversity Index # 119 91st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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