Buffalo, NY Profile: Facts & Data


Buffalo Local Links & Resources:
Hotels | Resources | ALL Buffalo Content

Also See: Buffalo, NY ZIP Codes & ZIP Code Maps | Local Area Photos

Buffalo, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Buffalo is the 2nd largest city in New York with a population of 260,157 as of July 1, 2018. Buffalo ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Buffalo is located at latitude 42.8925 and longitude -78.8597 in Erie County. The formal boundaries for the City of Buffalo (see map below) encompass a land area of 40.38 sq. miles and a water area of 12.11 sq. miles. Erie County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 600 feet.

The City of Buffalo (GNIS ID: 978764) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Buffalo population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2018.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Buffalo: De-ose-lole, De-o-tro-weh, Ne-o-thro-ra, New Amsterdam, Tick-e-ack-gou-ga, Tsistekeriia'kón:ke.

Explore a New York Address and get...

Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Input an address to see boundary maps and recent demographic data for the neighborhood, city, county, and ZIP Code. You'll also find the school attendance zones for that address. For a rapid response, use this format: 321 Main Street, City, NY 12345.


Buffalo, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 260,157
Population in Households 250,786
Population in Familes 173,643
Population in Group Qrtrs 9,371
Population Density1 6,442
Diversity Index2 71


Median Household Income $32,651
Average Household Income $51,684
Per Capita Income $22,989


Total Housing Units 136,295 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 45,410 (33.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 66,942 (49.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 23,943 (17.6%)
Median Home Value $79,405
Average Home Value $124,650


Total Households 112,352
Average Household Size 2.23
Family Households 55,714
Average Family Size 3
  1. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.05% 0.06%
Households -0.02% 0.1%
Families -0.32% -0.09%
Median Household Income   1.68%
Per Capita Income   2.82%

Buffalo, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buffalo to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 83 93rd
Diversity Index # 73 94th
Median Household Income # 1179 2nd
Per Capita Income # 1076 10th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

Quick & Easy Ways to...

  1. Get Current Demographic Data for Cities, Towns, and ZIP Codes
  2. Explore a Local Address and get...
  3. View Boundary Maps, for Cities, Towns, and ZIP Codes
  4. Locate Physical, Cultural, and Historical Features
  5. Research Public Schools & Attendance Zones

New York Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare New York July 1, 2018 Data
Highest or Lowest: