Buffalo, NY Profile: Facts & Data


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Buffalo, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Buffalo is the 2nd largest city in New York with a population of 260,157 as of July 1, 2018. Buffalo ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Buffalo is located at latitude 42.8925 and longitude -78.8597 in Erie County. The formal boundaries for the City of Buffalo (see map below) encompass a land area of 40.38 sq. miles and a water area of 12.11 sq. miles. Erie County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 600 feet.

The City of Buffalo (GNIS ID: 978764) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Buffalo: De-ose-lole, De-o-tro-weh, Ne-o-thro-ra, New Amsterdam, Tick-e-ack-gou-ga, Tsistekeriia'kón:ke.

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  1. Buffalo 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Buffalo (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. New York Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. New York Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Buffalo, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 260,157
Population in Households 250,786
Population in Familes 173,643
Population in Group Qrtrs 9,371
Population Density2 6,442
Diversity Index3 71


Median Household Income $32,651
Average Household Income $51,684
Per Capita Income $22,989


Total Housing Units 136,295 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 45,410 (33.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 66,942 (49.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 23,943 (17.6%)
Median Home Value $79,405
Average Home Value $124,650


Total Households 112,352
Average Household Size 2.23
Family Households 55,714
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population -0.05% 0.06%
Households -0.02% 0.1%
Families -0.32% -0.09%
Median Household Income   1.68%
Per Capita Income   2.82%

Buffalo, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buffalo to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 83 93rd
Diversity Index # 73 94th
Median Household Income # 1179 2nd
Per Capita Income # 1076 10th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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