Lancaster, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Lancaster, New York - Basic Facts

The Village of Lancaster had a population of 10,178 as of July 1, 2017. Lancaster ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Lancaster is located at latitude 42.9006 and longitude -78.6688 in Erie County. The formal boundaries for the Village of Lancaster (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.7 sq. miles and a water area of 0.03 sq. miles. Erie County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 669 feet.

The Village of Lancaster (GNIS ID: 2390930) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Village of Lancaster is located within Town of Lancaster, a minor civil division (MCD) of Erie County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Lancaster population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Lancaster: De-as-gwah-da-ga-neh, Ga-squen-da-geh.

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Village of Lancaster, NY Boundary Map

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Lancaster, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 10,178
Daytime Population: Workers 3,564
Daytime Population: Residents 4,599
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 8,163
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.80
Population in Households 10,032
Population in Familes 7,628
Population in Group Qrtrs 146
Population Density2 3,772
Diversity Index3 10


Median Household Income $53,398
Average Household Income $66,982
Per Capita Income $30,148


Total Housing Units 4,810 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 2,998 (62.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,514 (31.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 298 ( 6.2%)
Median Home Value $123,074
Average Home Value $128,694


Total Households 4,512
Average Household Size 2.22
Family Households 2,625
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.23% -0.11%
Households -0.12% -0.05%
Families -0.37% -0.21%
Median Household Income   0.65%
Per Capita Income   2.0%

Lancaster, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Lancaster to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 190 84th
Population Density # 206 83rd
Diversity Index # 1036 14th
Median Household Income # 750 37th
Per Capita Income # 642 46th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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