Rochester, NY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Rochester, New York - Basic Facts

The City of Rochester is the 3rd largest city in New York with a population of 209,975 as of July 1, 2018. Rochester ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Rochester is located at latitude 43.1699 and longitude -77.6169 in Monroe County. The formal boundaries for the City of Rochester (see map below) encompass a land area of 35.77 sq. miles and a water area of 1.37 sq. miles. Monroe County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 505 feet.

The City of Rochester (GNIS ID: 979426) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Rochester population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2018.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Rochester: Ga-sko-sa-ga, Gaskosago, Rochesterville.

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City of Rochester, NY Boundary Map

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Rochester, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 209,975
Population in Households 199,666
Population in Familes 136,223
Population in Group Qrtrs 10,309
Population Density2 5,870
Diversity Index3 76


Median Household Income $31,813
Average Household Income $49,738
Per Capita Income $21,516


Total Housing Units 99,174 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 29,577 (29.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 57,611 (58.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 11,986 (12.1%)
Median Home Value $85,648
Average Home Value $128,241


Total Households 87,188
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 42,604
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.03% 0.02%
Households 0.02% 0.08%
Families -0.3% -0.14%
Median Household Income   1.71%
Per Capita Income   2.72%

Rochester, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Rochester to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 100th
Population Density # 106 91st
Diversity Index # 51 96th
Median Household Income # 1185 1st
Per Capita Income # 1128 6th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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