New York, NY Profile: Facts & Data


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New York, New York - Basic Facts

The City of New York is the largest city in New York with a population of 8,679,888 as of July 1, 2018. New York ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New York. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for New York is located at latitude 40.6636 and longitude -73.9386 in New York County. The formal boundaries for the City of New York (see map below) encompass a land area of 301.49 sq. miles and a water area of 166.71 sq. miles. New York County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 33 feet.

The City of New York (GNIS ID: ) has a P1 Census Class Code which indicates populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of New York is located within Borough of Brooklyn, a minor civil division (MCD) of New York County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for New York: City of New York, Ga-no-no, KanĂ³n:no, Kanono, Neu Amsterdam, Neu Jorck, New Amsterdam, New Orange, New Yorc, New York City, New Yorke, New Yorku, Njujork, Nouvelle Yorck, Nova Amsterda, Nova York, The Big Apple.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. New York 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for New York (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. New York Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. New York Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


New York, NY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 8,679,888
Population in Households 8,498,375
Population in Familes 6,526,530
Population in Group Qrtrs 181,513
Population Density2 28,790
Diversity Index3 85


Median Household Income $57,810
Average Household Income $92,243
Per Capita Income $35,259


Total Housing Units 3,550,014 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,008,685 (28.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,257,537 (63.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 283,792 ( 8.0%)
Median Home Value $578,299
Average Home Value $734,908


Total Households 3,266,222
Average Household Size 2.6
Family Households 1,914,813
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.73% 0.65%
Households 0.6% 0.58%
Families 0.42% 0.47%
Median Household Income   3.07%
Per Capita Income   3.18%

New York, NY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares New York to the other 1,196 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New York by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 2 100th
Diversity Index # 14 99th
Median Household Income # 678 43rd
Per Capita Income # 517 57th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New York Census Data Comparison Tool.

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New York Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare New York July 1, 2018 Data
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